Poultry Farm Case Study

Robert W. Beckmann, P.E., CEM


Chicken / Turkey Grower, near Somewhere Missouri, is a poultry farm specializing in raising turkeys.

Chicken / Turkey Grower currently has a brooding building and grow out building. The brooding building measures 50’ x 360’. The walls are very well insulated.

From an energy standpoint, some of the challenges of raising turkeys is to maintain a proper temperature and proper lighting. The temperature of the young turkeys starts at 90 degrees F and slowly lowers to 72 degrees F. This is also assisted by the use of 12 ceiling type fans that bring the warm air down from the peak of the ceiling.

It can become very expensive to maintain a well heated, ventilated and humidity controlled environment year round. Heaters will need to run nearly constantly in the winter and can be required in the summer when the evening temperature drops. The heaters will also need to make up for the cooler outside air brought in for ventilation needed to keep the air healthy, not to mention the energy used to run the ventilation fans cycling on as needed.

Aerial photograph of Chicken / Turkey Grower (Google Earth)

Outside of Brood building

The brooding building has 66 light fixtures which currently use 14 W CFL’s and the grow-out building has 35 light fixtures which also use the CFL’s. It was discussed that a higher kelvin light may be preferred.

The brooding building currently has 48 SBM brand gas heaters which are dual rated for 12,000/ 18,000 BTU.


A series of energy and cost saving opportunities for Chicken / Turkey Grower are presented in this section. The recommendations for each opportunity include information of the existing conditions, the recommended opportunity, and the calculations of annual energy and cost savings.

Table 1. Energy and Financial Savings Summary

Greenhouse gas savings were calculated using the EPA on-line calculator.

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This report is not intended to serve as an engineering design document, but is intended to provide estimated energy efficiency savings associated with the University of Missouri Extension – REAP Energy Audit program. The information and recommendation represented in this report have been reviewed for their technical accuracy and are believed to be reasonable and correct. All savings and cost estimates are for informational purposes, and are not to be construed as a design document or as guarantees.